عجفت الغور

master's thesis

Tags: grad school

  • Reintegration of Iraqi Militias
    • PMF Command Structures
      • PMF command structures are vastly different, from KH’s Hezbollah-like situation to brigade 30
        • Money laundering and ghost soldiers
        • Who is lining their pockets and benefiting from different command structures?
    • Sectarian conflicts
      • PMF cross cuts class, race, and religion
        • Shia Turkmen, Christians, pro-sistani vs pro-iran
      • What kind of nationalism is being created? Alternatively, what kinds of sub-state nationalism (borrowing Toby Dodge) is being created?
    • Similar reintegration histories?
      • Peacebuilding in
        • Balkans
          • Reintegration of Bosnia mujahadeen?
          • “Recyled” militia in Serbia armed groups?
        • Lebanon
          • Hezbollah and similarities there?
        • Nepal
          • Ideaologically driven - were maoist. Does this hold similarities?
        • Afghanistan
          • Taliban
        • Namibia
        • Colombia
          • Paramilitary demobilization, and it’s failures
        • Chechnya
          • Militias as spoilers of the Chechen state, does this occur in Iraq?
        • Ivory Coast
          • “Warrior generation”, political violence similar levels, are there models to be drawn here?
    • Post-conflict peacebuilding within formal state structures
      • The Iraqi state did not totally collapse and fought off an insurgency, is this different than integrating militias in newly formed states?
      • External actors
        • UNAMI
        • US
        • Iran
        • etc
    • Mechanics of peacebuilding
      • Combants to civilains -> Has this happened?
      • Post-conflict state -> Has Iraqi society reached “post-conflict”? What determines post-conflict?
    • “Big” questions
      • Current government framing of Iraq
        • Lack of legitmacy on several key institutions
          • “Supreme” court has no constitutional legitmacy
      • KRG
        • Resolved issues of KRG disputes, how do the peshmerga fit into this equation?
      • What constitutes as “rehabilitation” and “reintegration”?
        • UN has often sought “reintegration” by waiting it out, which has rarely worked. Succesful examples are Nepal and Namibia, which sought greater reintegration via massive state-sponsered jobs programs
          • How does this change in a world of low interest rates? Namibia and Nepal had difficulties borrowing money, does the shift in the global markets affect this?
        • “Big” reintegration - who are the funders of reintegration for previous states? Who funds reintegration for the Iraqi state?
          • Who directs reintegration? Often times funded and directed in DC, but acted upon in other states
        • What do we reintegrate back into? Reintegration implies return to prewar “normalcy” – the same conditions that gestated the conflict.
          • Sierra Leone of 2005 looks like the Sierra Leone of 1991
          • What structural changes are available?
            • What does this look like in the backdrop of Arab Spring? Of the 2019/2020 protests?
    • Unknown quesitons
      • War veterans in post-war situations
        • Refusal to reintegrate?
          • Similarities to societal groups like Turkey’s war vets?
      • External communities
        • How do the communities reintegrating the militia members feel?
        • What about disapora?
      • Generational questions
        • “Reintegration” implies that there is a life to go back to. Are militia members who spent their lives in conflict have this open as an opportunity?

Similar/Previous Work

Peacebuilding and islam in iraq

peacebuilding with hashd al-shaabi and infrastructure?

  • how are they building infrastructure
    • weapons depots, telecommunications, etc
    • osint on their locations, monitor communications
  • the build up of telecommunication infrastructure and how they deliver money? how are payments delivered into communities?

important part of writing a thesis

  • don’t get caught up in the sequences
  • do things you thnink you’re not ready to do
  • how to identify one thing

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